With the advent of civilization the thinkers
started venturing into the realm of Nature to understand the natural phenomena
such as day, night and rain etc., The great thinkers of the ancient time with
their close and keen observations of things around have, had come to certain
conclusions. One of the branches of their study centered a round the space,
heavenly bodies such as stars and planets and their relationship to earth and
life on the planets. The Indians, Chinese, Arabs, Babylonians and other western
thinkers had formulated their findings and thus various treatise are available
on this subject of Astronomy. However, experts in this field like Cole Brook and
Ebinezar Burgess are of the view that Indians were pioneers in the field of
Astronomy and foremost on expounding the subject.


Burgess feels that the position of constellations could not be precisely
understood n the Hindu System and further studies of the Hindu astronomical
concepts could reveal more information and lead to more enlightenment. Though he
feels that the Hindu system of astronomy has relegated the positioning of
stellar constellations to a lesser important place, the fact remains that the
Hindu life style, which is now equated with Hindu religion is based on the
fundamentals of the astronomical concepts of the ancient Hindus. This review is
a humble attempt to understand the rationale of the basic doctrines of the
ancient Hindu Astronomers vis-a-vis the Western concept of solar system on the
basic of the translation by Ebanazar Burgess of the Indian treatise, the “Surya
Siddhantha”. My recreated diagram based on the Hindu Cosmology attached herewith
is also based on the measurements furnished therein



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